Organizatiile non-guvernamentale sunt ingrijorate de declaratiile discriminatorii facute de reprezentantii Romaniei in cadrul procesului de examinare de catre Comitetul ONU pentru Drepturi Economice, Sociale si Culturale

In data de 20 – 21 noiembrie 2014, dupa aproape 20 de ani de la ultima examinare, Romania s-a prezentat din nou in fata Comitetului ONU pentru Drepturi Economice, Sociale si Culturale (Comitetul). Organizatiile non-guvernamentale (ONG) prezente la sesiunile de examinare sunt profund ingrijorate de declaratiile discriminatorii facute de reprezentantii Romaniei si de esecul guvernului de a se angaja intr-un dialog constructiv.  Aceste ONG-uri considera ca Romania nu si-a indeplinit obligatiile internationale prescrise de Pactul International  pentru drepturi economice, sociale si culturale (Pactul).

In timpul sesiunilor de examinare, Ambasadoarea Romaniei la ONU, Maria Ciobanu, raspunzand la o intrebare referitoare la politicile de incluziune pentru romi, a declarat ca romii din Romania sunt “nomazi prin natura” si a sugerat ca acest fapt ar face deosebit de dificila incluziunea romilor. In realitate, de generatii, marea majoritate a romilor in Romania nu sunt nomazi.  De asemenea, Ambasadoarea Romaniei a comentat ca romancele, in ciuda unui nivel ridicat de educatie, “nu au aptitudinile necesare pentru a participa la viata politica dura”. Ambele afirmatii reprezinta prejudecati, sunt discriminatorii si inacceptabile.

Din 1994, timp de 20 de ani, Romania nu a prezentat rapoarte pentru examinare in fata Comitetului ONU, desi avea aceasta obligatie la fiecare cinci ani.  In plus, nici un reprezentant de la ministerele relevante nu s-a prezentat la procesul de examinare si delegatia Romaniei nu a raspuns la multe dintre intrebarile adresate de catre membrii Comitetului. Toate aceste fapte ilustreaza atitudinea dispretuitoare a Romaniei fata de ONU si fata de procesul de examinare in special.

Intreaga prestatie a delegatiei Romaniei la procesul de examinare apare ca o incercare de a ascunde realitatea  si de a impiedica membrii Comitetului ONU sa afle in ce masura sunt respectate  drepturile economice, sociale si culturale in Romania. Consideram ca delegatia Romaniei a sfidat Comitetul ONU si mandatului acestuia. Romania trimite un semnal ingrijorator comunitatii internationale prin faptul ca nu isi ia in serios datoria de a proteja si a asigura drepturile consacrate in Pact.

Pentru informatii suplimentare, ii puteti contacta pe Iustina Ionescu, avocata de drepturile omului, la (0040) 722 253 789, [email protected], sau pe Sinan Gökçen, expert comunicare, European Roma Rights Centre, la (0036) 30 500 1324, [email protected]

Organizatii semnatare: Amnesty International, European Roma Rights Centre, Centrul Euroregional pentru Initiative Publice, Romani CRISS

 Informatii suplimentare

CDESC evalueaza respectarea de catre state a obligatiilor ce le revin in temeiul Pactului International privind Drepturile Economice, Sociale si Culturale (PDESC), pe care Romania l-a ratificat inca din 1974.

Mai multe organizatii nationale si internationale au participat la procesul de examinare – Amnesty International, European Roma Rights Centre, Centrul Euroregional pentru Initiative Publice, Global Justice Institute, Romani CRISS si Societatea pentru Educatie Contraceptiva si Sexuala. Aceste organizatii au fost insotite de o activista de etnie roma, afectata de incalcari ale drepturilor omului: in decembrie 2010. comunitatea ei a fost evacuata fortat din centrul orasului Cluj-Napoca si mutata la marginea orasului, langa groapa de gunoi.

ONG-urile s-au intalnit cu membrii CDESCR intr-o sedinta inaintea inceperii procesului de examinare si au participat ca observatori la dialogul public dintre delegatia Romani si membrii Comitetului.

Concluziile si recomandarile Comitetului vor fi facute publice vineri 28 noiembrie 2014.

25 November 2014

On 20 – 21 November 2014, almost 20 years since its last review, Romania again appeared in front of the UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR). NGOs present during the review sessions are deeply concerned over discriminatory statements by the Romanian representatives and the government’s failure to engage in a constructive dialogue with the UN Committee as to the extent of which civil society organizations consider that Romania has failed to meet its international obligations prescribed by the Covenant.

During the review the Romanian Ambassador to the UN, Maria Ciobanu, responding to a question on Roma inclusion policies referred to Roma in Romania as being “nomadic by nature” and implied that this nomadism makes ensuring successful Roma inclusion particularly difficult. However, the great majority of Roma in Romania live a sedentary lifestyle and have done so for generations. The representative then commented that women in Romania, despite being highly educated, did not have “the skills to take part in the tough political life”. Both of these statements are rooted in prejudice, and they are discriminatory and unacceptable. Furthermore, they are indicative of Romania’s contemptuous attitude towards the CESCR and the review process in particular.

Since 1994, Romania has repeatedly failed to submit reports for review by the Committee, which states parties to the ICESCR are required to submit every five years. No relevant Ministry representative joined the review sessions in Geneva to represent Romania before the Committee, and furthermore, the Romanian delegation failed to provide answers to several of the questions presented by the members of the CESCR.

The overall participation of the delegation in the review process appears as an attempt to cover-up and prevent the members of the UN Committee from being presented with the reality of the enjoyment of economic, social and cultural rights in Romania. We consider it a contempt of the UN Committee and its mandate and it sends a worrying signal that Romania does not in fact take seriously its duty to protect and ensure the rights enshrined in the ICESCR.

For further info, please contact Iustina Ionescu, human rights laywer, at(0040) 722 253 789, [email protected], or Sinan Gökçen,  Media and Communications Officer, European Roma Rights Centre, at(0036) 30 500 1324, [email protected]

Background

The CESCR assesses states’ compliance with their obligations under the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR), which Romania has ratified.

National and international NGOs participated in the review process – Amnesty International, the European Roma Rights Centre, Euroregional Center for Public Initiatives, Global Justice Institute, Romani CRISS and Society for Contraception and Sexual Education – and were accompanied by a Roma community activist, who herself was affected by human rights violations relevant to the review, when her community were forcibly evicted from the centre of the north-western Romanian city of Cluj-Napoca and resettled to the outskirts adjacent to a waste dump in December 2010.

The NGOs met with several of the members of the CESCR in a pre-session meeting, and participated as observers in the public dialogue between the CESCR and the Romanian delegation.

The concluding observations of the CESCR will be issued on Friday 28 November 2014.

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